Task force in Yanomami villages tests indigenous people for Covid-19
All the indigenous people tested during the task force had a negative result. More than 250 medical consultations were performed, including pediatrics, gynecology and infectology.
The first stage of the inter-ministerial mission to reinforce the Covid-19 in the indigenous populations of Roraima ended today, after two days of service in the Yanomami villages. Teams from the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI) of the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Defense and the National Indigenous Foundation (FUNAI) brought medical care and supplies to the Yanomami communities in the border areas.
The Yanomami villages that were served and received the supplies were Auaris, Waikás and Surucucu. More than 250 medical consultations were carried out and all the tests for Covid-19 among the indigenous population during the mission gave negative results for the coronavirus. This Thursday (02), the mission continues in the Special Indigenous Health District (DSEI) East of Roraima, in the Raposa Serra do Sol indigenous land, where three more communities will be served.
"We have not detected any positive cases for Covid-19 in the region. This is a good sign that the work being done by the Federal Government and all the support agencies, which provide services in this region, has shown good results and has been effective in combating the Covid-19 on indigenous lands," said Robson Santos da Silva, Special Indigenous Health Secretary. This is the fifth inter-ministerial mission to provide medical care and strengthen the fight against Covid-19 among the indigenous population.
In total, 253 medical consultations were performed - 50 in pediatrics, 44 in gynecology, 100 in general medicine, 49 in infectology and 10 ultrasound exams. There were also 598 nursing procedures - 278 triages, 209 tests for Covid-19 (all negative) and 111 drug deliveries. Besides medical care, the Auaris, Waikás and Surucucu Base Centers also received supplies such as surgical masks, 70% alcohol, hospital apron, gloves, caps and facial protectors, medicines such as chloroquine and azithromycin, in addition to rapid tests.
To reinforce medical care, 21 health professionals from the Armed Forces worked in partnership with the Multidisciplinary Indigenous Health Teams of the Ministry of Health. Currently, the region has 1,762 health professionals from SESAI providing Primary Care to Indigenous people in the villages, 725 of them at the Yanomami DSEI and 1,037 at the Leste de Roraima DSEI. They are health and sanitation agents, endemic agents, doctors, pharmacists, nurses, psychologists, nutritionists, nursing technicians, among the professionals in the area.
FOOD BASKET DISTRIBUTION
The National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) has sent 426 food baskets to six communities in the Yanomami and Raposa Serra do Sol indigenous lands this week alone. In the month of May alone, nine thousand baskets were delivered, more than 200 tons of food. The goal is to provide basic food for the villages, since in this period of pandemic the recommendation to the indigenous people is not to leave their communities and do not allow people who are not from the village to enter.
The Brazilian Army and the Ministry of Health, through SESAI, support the delivery of baskets in the hygienization of the baskets and the transportation of food.
In total, 87,600 surgical masks were delivered; 1,400 units of alcohol 70%; 5,300 rapid tests; 1000 hospital aprons; 300 facial protectors; 87,600 caps; 400 overalls; 1,600 respiratory protection masks; 1000 gloves and 297,000 tablets of drugs such as chloroquine; azithromycin; prednisone and paracetamol.
In the Yanomami DSEI the indigenous population is approximately 28,000. There are two ethnic groups (Yanomami and Yekuana) and 366 villages in a territory of 96.6 thousand m². The local population has 78 Indigenous Health Basic Units (UBSI); 37 Base Centers and 1 Indigenous Health House (CASAI). In the Leste de Roraima DSEI there are approximately 52 thousand indigenous people from seven ethnic groups in an area of 69,7 thousand km². There are 285 UBSI, 34 Base Centers and 1 CASAI providing assistance to the indigenous population.
Throughout the pandemic period, the Ministry of Health has developed strategies to improve care and one of the most recent is the creation of the Indigenous Primary Care Unit (UAPI). The units will strengthen the primary care services for indigenous health in the care of this population, providing the reception of suspected cases of Gripal Syndrome (GS) and early identification of cases of Covid-19. In addition, indigenous wards have been installed in hospitals in Manaus (AM) and Macapá (AP), Vale do Javari, Pará (Belém, Marabá, Santarém) and Roraima (Boa Vista).
A National Contingency Plan for Human Infection by Coronavirus in Indigenous Peoples was also prepared, detailing how health teams should act according to each case. The DSEI also prepared their respective District Contingency Plans for the different situations facing Covid-19, respecting the characteristics of each people and their specific needs. All this planning and advance study results in fast and efficient services directly executed in the villages.
In all cases, the DSEI teams have acted as planned and carried out the isolation of infected persons, suspected cases and the transfer to the state and municipal public network of patients requiring specialized support in hospitals. To this end, SESAI employs a large fleet of vehicles, boats and aircraft to safely take indigenous people to the nearest cities that provide the necessary care.
In order to provide rapid assistance in emergency situations, the Secretariat has authorized the hiring of 34 rapid response teams to act in each DSEI. The teams, made up of doctors, nurses and technicians, are available 24 hours a day to leave for the indigenous territory that may present a sudden increase in cases, thus reinforcing the work of the multidisciplinary indigenous health teams that are already operating normally in the villages.
by Nicole Beraldo, Agência Saúde
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