Federal Government sends health reinforcement to indigenous people at DSEI Guamá-Tocantins
The 18th Interministerial Mission to Combat COVID-19 lands in villages in northwest Pará on Monday (23). The Ministry of Health, through the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI), and the Ministry of Defense, through the Armed Forces, are sending reinforcements to the indigenous population of the Oriximiná Base Pole, in the Special Indigenous Health District Guamá-Tocantins (DSEI GUATOC), from November 23 to 30. The objective is to bring supplies and health care with general practitioners, pediatricians, gynecologists and infectologists. This avoids the need to travel to the cities to be assisted by specialists.
SESAI sends more than 31 thousand items of supplies among medicines and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to support the health professionals of DSEI GUATOC who work in the region. The indigenous population of the Oriximiná Base Pole is the second largest of the DSEI with 2,400 indigenous people. The villages are in the middle of the Amazon jungle, in places of difficult access, where it is only possible to arrive by helicopter or plane. In some, fluvial access is possible during the period of flooding of the rivers, with trips lasting up to 4 days by boat.
The Ministry of Defense sends 26 health professionals from the Armed Forces among doctors, nurses and nursing technicians, as well as veterinarians to carry out the control of zoonoses in the villages. It is also responsible for the logistics of the Mission with transportation of supplies and health teams. There are 11 ethnicities in the region, in 21 dispersed villages, from the Bacias do Rio Trombetas to the borders of Brazil with Guyana and Suriname.
The service will be provided in Basic Indigenous Health Units (UBSI), indigenous schools and in tents set up by the Armed Forces, in ten villages, to serve the local population and neighboring villages. The screening of patients is being done by the Multidisciplinary Team of Indigenous Health (EMSI) of DSEI GUATOC, which operates periodically in the region.
"We have six EMSI working in these villages and we have installed six UAPI - Indigenous Health Primary Care Unit - in the Oriximiná Base Pole area. And so far we have no case of COVID-19 detected in this area. We prioritize the Interministerial Mission there because it is a place of difficult access that needs specialized medical consultation to meet the demand that was repressed during the pandemic," explains DSEI GUATOC Coordinator Stanney Nunes.
In the area of the Oriximiná Base Pole there is presence of the Kahyana, Kaxuyana, Hixkaryana, Tiriyó, Txikiyana, Tunayana, Xerew and Wai-wai ethnicities dispersed in villages of the Nhamundá-Mapuera, Trombetas-Mapuera and Kaxuyana-Tunayana Indigenous Lands. To protect Indians from COVID-19 contamination, all professionals and members of the Interministerial Mission undergo medical screening and only board with presentation of the negative RT-PCR test for COVID-19. The services are performed with the mandatory use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).