SESAI holds press conference on COVID-19
The Special Secretary of Indigenous Health of the Ministry of Health, Robson da Silva Santos, presented data on the actions of the Federal Government to combat COVID-19 in the indigenous lands and territories of the country, in a press conference at the Palácio do Planalto, in Brasilia, this Tuesday (June 9).
The Brazilian indigenous population is about 800 thousand people distributed in almost 6 thousand villages. The Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI) provides primary care to these communities through 34 Special Indigenous Health Districts (DSEI) with over 14,000 professionals. There are 367 Base centers, 67 CASAI (Indigenous Health House) and 1,199 UBSI (Indigenous Health Basic Unit) distributed among the 34 DSEI.
Indigenous people who live in cities are served by the public health network of the states and municipalities. "Every Brazilian citizen is assisted by the Unified Health System (SUS), including the indigenous who are outside the villages. For reasons of logistics, transportation and the difficulty of the indigenous people leaving their areas is that SESAI goes to them and provides basic attention," explains the secretary.
According to the monitoring made by the Ministry of Health, of the six thousand Brazilian villages, 91.5% have no confirmed cases of COVID-19. Of the 5,852 villages, only 500 (8.5%) have cases notified.
Among the 2,000 confirmed cases in indigenous areas, 86% are in the northern region of the country. The contamination rate is highest among young people aged 20 to 39 years, but the mortality rate is highest among older people aged 60 to 79 years.
The lethality rate among confirmed cases of COVID-19 "These are different numbers that are well below the non-indigenous," says Robson.
The low rate of contamination in villages is due to the early procedures determined by the Ministry of Health with technical guidelines and protocols to be followed by the Indigenous Health Multidisciplinary Teams (EMSI) of the 34 DSEI. In addition to the mandatory use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in the procedures for entering and leaving villages, the orientation is to form sanitary barriers and isolation of the indigenous people to avoid the dissemination of COVID-19. The DSEI service units, equipment and transportation are being sanitized with the support of the Brazilian Army. In addition, indigenous health (AIS) and sanitation (AISAN) agents are passing on, along with the EMSI, guidelines on the new coronavirus to the population.
The Ministry of Health, through SESAI, invested 70 million in the purchase of medical supplies, PPE and VOCID-19 tests. The DSEI are authorized to make purchases of supplies with dispensation of bidding and hiring, by public notice, of health professionals to compose the Rapid Response Team (ERR).
In addition, the Secretariat is implementing Indigenous Primary Care Units (UAPI) in the existing structure of the Unified Health System (SUS) with reinforcement of oxygen tanks to provide immediate support for those with respiratory difficulties.
In addition to the inter-ministerial actions, the Federal Government is creating indigenous wings in the hospitals, reinforcing the supply in Army garrison hospitals and distributing almost 500,000 food baskets and making sanitary barriers for the indigenous population to remain in isolation and safety until the end of the pandemic.
Information on suspects, confirmed, disposed of, infected, cured and dead is available in the COVID-19 Epidemiological Bulletin on the SESAI website:https://saudeindigena.saude.gov.br/