SESAI trains professionals to reduce infant mortality in the villages
Health professionals from the 34 Special Indigenous Sanitary Districts (DSEI) are being trained to identify childhood diseases and act directly in reducing infant mortality in the villages. The Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI), of the Ministry of Health, in partnership with the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO), trained 40 health professionals in June, and now they will become multipliers in their Districts.
The training on Integrated Care for Prevalent Childhood Illnesses (AIDPI) aims to identify and treat childhood diseases, enable the teams to intervene in urgent and emergency situations to save lives, and also guide parents or guardians on care and return visits. Diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea, malnutrition, verminosis, and other diseases become the main causes of death in babies up to one year of age and can be treated with basic health care.
The strategy is to use the AIDPI methodology to qualify health professionals from the Multidisciplinary Indigenous Health Teams (EMSI). To this end, SESAI also sent pedagogical material so that each multiplier can train another 40 professionals, primarily doctors and nurses, in their operation districts.
The course teaches how to evaluate and classify diseases in children from two months to 5 years of age through symptoms and observation. The professional checks for cough, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, fever, wheezing, ear problems, sore throat, anemia, or growth problems. For each symptom, there are guidelines and treatments. The parents´ or guardian´s advice is very important for the follow-up at home and to return for health evaluation.
The basic care provided by SESAI to indigenous people ranges from prenatal care for pregnant women to health monitoring for the elderly. Brazilian indigenous people are assisted by the Unified Health System (SUS) throughout their lives in the villages. SESAI has brought more health and quality of life to all of the country´s ethnic groups.
Text:Cristiane Hidaka - Nucom/SESAI
Translation: Renata Arruda - Nucom/SESAI