Task Force brings medical care and supplies to Vale do Javari
Inter-ministerial mission takes professionals and about 70,000 items among masks, gloves, alcohol gel, tests and pulmonary ventilators to the indigenous region of the Vale do Javari
The Federal Government will carry out a new task force for the indigenous population in the Amazon region. This time, the mission will be in the Javari Valley region, the second largest indigenous area in Brazil, which comprises a large part of the municipality of Atalaia do Norte, in the state of Amazonas, and has a population of approximately 7 thousand indigenous people of 7 ethnic groups. The initiative will bring health professionals and about 70 thousand items of individual protection and medical supplies. The Ministry of Health, with the logistical support of the Ministry of Defense, will strengthen the fight against COVID-19 among the indigenous people of Vale do Javari.
In all, 23 health professionals from the Hospital das Forças Armadas will reinforce the care of indigenous people in the region with the Indigenous Health Multidisciplinary Teams, which already serve the local population. Among them are an obstetrician, an endocrinologist, a general surgeon, six clinical doctors, eight nursing technicians and three nurses.
Also to be delivered are 16 lung ventilators and about 70 thousand items of personal protection and clinical supplies, such as masks, gloves, alcohol gel and rapid tests for the new coronavirus. The supplies and equipment will be sent to the Hospital of Atalaia do Norte, a healthcare reference in the entire region of the Javari Valley, and to the Vale do Javari Indigenous Special Health District (DSEI) for village care.
In total, about 70 thousand items will be delivered, among 30.3 thousand surgical masks, 16 thousand caps, about 12 thousand disposable aprons, 400 units of N95 masks, 3 thousand waterproof aprons, 540 units of ethyl alcohol 70%, 1,320 units of rapid tests for COVID-19, 300 facial shields, 500 units of protective overalls, as well as medicines, such as paracetamol, amoxicillin, ibuprofen, among others.
Thinking about the safety of the indigenous people and of the whole team, as an obligation, the whole team that will make contact with the communities will be tested for COVID-19.
To serve the inhabitants of the 85,445 km² of the Vale do Javari Indigenous Territory, 17 Indigenous Health Multidisciplinary Teams take turns in periodic visits to 63 villages. In all, there are 285 health professionals, including the Rapid Response Team hired exclusively for the fight against Coronavirus, and six doctors from the Doctors for Brazil Program operate in the region. The Special Indigenous Health District - DSEI maintains an Indigenous Health House (CASAI) in Atalaia do Norte, eight Base Centers and eight Indigenous Health Basic Units in Vale do Javari to serve the indigenous villages.
ACTIONS TO COMBAT COVID-19 IN THE INDIGENOUS POPULATION
Since January 2020, even before the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the Public Health Emergency of International Importance (ESPII), the Ministry of Health, through the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI), has prepared technical documents to guide indigenous peoples, managers and collaborators on prevention measures and first aid for coronary heart disease infection. The documents were fundamental to plan the actions that today reach the indigenous people.
The National Contingency Plan for Human Infection by the New Coronavirus in Indigenous Peoples details how health teams should act in each case. The Indigenous Special Health Districts (DSEIs) have also developed District Contingency Plans, i.e., each of the 34 DSEIs already has a plan for the different situations of confrontation of COVID-19 respecting the characteristics of each people and their specific needs. All this planning and early study results in fast and efficient services directly executed in the villages.
One of the first actions carried out by SESAI was the training of indigenous people and its practitioners. To this end, a series of educational videos directed at the indigenous population, health agents, sanitation agents, and other health workers, on how to confront COVID-19, were made available on the website of the Ministry of Health. Indigenous Health professionals were also able to participate in online courses offered by the portfolio focused on COVID-19 prevention. All so that everyone was ready to attend to the cases of infection by the new coronavirus in indigenous people. Currently, SESAI also produces institutional videos every week about the actions taken in the COVID-19 pandemic and the DSEI produce educational materials in the language of each people.