Interministerial Mission to Combat COVID-19 performs 5.4 thousand services in Roraima
From the Amazon rainforest to the Campo Lavrado of Roraima, the Federal Government carried out 5.4 thousand health care services in the Yanomami Special Indigenous Health Districts (DSEI) and Leste de Roraima, during the Interministerial Mission to Combat COVID-19, held from October 19 to 26th. The objective was to bring reinforcement to the Multidisciplinary Indigenous Health Teams (EMSI) that work directly in the villages, mainly in places of difficult access.
The Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI), of the Ministry of Health, sent more than 25 thousand items of medical supplies for the mission among drugs, rapid tests and Personal Protection Equipment. It also sent the SESAI Mobile Health Team, hired by public notice, to reinforce the services provided by the DSEI Leste de Roraima teams.
The Ministry of Defense provided logistical support to the mission and sent a team of 25 health professionals from the Armed Forces to work in the villages of the DSEI Yanomami in the west of the state. The villages in the region are in places of difficult access and military aircraft were essential in moving the teams and transporting the medical supplies of the Ministry of Health.
DSEI Leste de Roraima
The operation involved 106 professionals from the DSEI and the SESAI Volante Health Team with land and air travel to the Base Poles of Raposa, Pedra Preta, Serra do Sol, Barro and Três Corações in the Raposa Serra do Sol and São Marcos Indigenous Lands. 2.8 thousand health care services were performed with screening, medical appointments, vaccination updates, dental care, preventive exams and tests for COVID-19, malaria and other diseases.
The Mobile Health Team of SESAI was composed of 2 doctors, 4 nurses, 2 nursing technicians and 2 advisors. It reinforced the actions carried out by the professionals of DSEI Leste de Roraima during the mission. "The work of the Mobile Team was a success; they identified several situations that happen in the villages. We were able to meet demands that were repressed due to the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus," evaluated the representative of SESAI, Carlos Colares.
The DSEI mobilized dentists, doctors, nurses, nursing technicians and dozens of Indigenous Health Agents (AIS), essential as interpreters and in screening and mobilizing patients from the Macuxi, Ingarikó, Taurepang, Wapixana and Patamona ethnic groups. The AIS live in the villages and are responsible for accompanying patients, supporting health teams and activating the DSEI when there is need for removal or displacement.
Doctors and indigenous people in all services respect the integration of Western medicine with traditional knowledge. "It is a differentiated health due to the specificities of the communities, the region and the population. We have managed to reconcile Western medicine well with traditional knowledge. I suggest the treatment with the medicines of our pharmacy and reconcile it with the herbs and roots of the locality, I use a lot for the treatment of diabetes and hypertension," explained the doctor Wellington Ribeiro who has been working in the District for a year and a half.
The new coordinator of DSEI Leste de Roraima, Charles Mendes, provided the logistical support for the SESAI Volante Team and mobilized the EMSI and the patients for the care in the villages. "I want to thank SESAI for this action in this moment when we face the pandemic. It has provided us with good results together with our team, we will continue doing this kind of work to obtain a more constant and preventive health to the entire indigenous community," he said.
The Ministry of Defense gave air support and sent 10 general practitioners, 2 gynecologists, 1 pediatrician, 1 infectologist, 3 nurses and 6 nurses technicians to support the DSEI team that operates in the region. Two veterinarians were also sent to control zoonosis in the villages. There were 2.6 thousand consultations with the Yanomami and Yekuana ethnic groups.
The services were performed in the villages Auaris, Arata-u, Parima, Surucucu, Parafuri, Kaianaú, Alto Mucajaí and Baixo Mucajaí. There was also assistance to the patients of the Indigenous House of Health (CASAI) Yanomami, in Boa Vista, where patients are in various treatments in the city.
"It was a very rewarding mission, this joint effort should continue. Besides the medical clinic, we had the presence of veterinary officers who attended the animals of the indigenous people and did a mapping work of vectors to check for diseases such as leishmaniasis affecting those communities," explained Colonel Eduardo Passo, coordinator of the Yanomami Mission for the Ministry of Defense.
In the assessment of the SESAI representative in the Yanomami mission, Alexandre Nogueira, this reinforcement ensures that the most distant people have access to health in their villages. "The balance was very positive; we took health care to the indigenous, to the people who need it, who are distant and isolated in the jungle. It is the hand of the Brazilian State reaching those distant communities that need our help," he concluded.
The Ministries of Health and Defense have been carrying out several joint missions since May to bring health to indigenous areas affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Other missions are planned until December. In all actions, medical supplies and strengthening of health professionals are sent in support of the Indigenous Special Sanitary Districts that are responsible for providing basic care to indigenous peoples.