Sesai participates in social mobilization in allusion to the Day Against Malaria in the Americas
The objective of the event is to raise awareness among the population about measures to prevent, control and eliminate malaria in Brazil
Next Saturday, November 6th, is the Day for Combating Malaria in the Americas. In allusion to the date, Secretary Robson Santos da Silva, from the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (SESAI) will participate in the Social Mobilization in the city of Manaus/AM, an event coordinated by the Department of Zoonosis Surveillance and Vector Transmission Diseases - CGZV/Department of Immunization and Transmissible Diseases - DEIDT of the Health Surveillance Secretariat - SVS.
Besides orienting the population about measures to prevent, control, and eliminate malaria in Brazil, the goal is to show the main actions carried out by the Ministry of Health. The event will be attended by the Minister of Health, Marcelo Queiroga, local authorities, as well as Conass, Conasems, and coordinators of the State Programs for Malaria Control (PECM).
Malaria is an infectious disease that causes symptoms such as high fever, nausea, tremors, headache, among others. In 2020, 47,460 cases were reported in indigenous health, 47,448 evolved to cure. Preliminary data for 2021, point to 30,956 cases reported so far, with 30,951 cases evolving to cure.
Of the 34 Special Indigenous Sanitary Districts (DSEI), 20 are endemic for malaria. According to Robson Santos da Silva, "It is essential to guarantee the availability of diagnosis and adequate treatment, in addition to vector control and health education actions, in order to achieve the elimination of the disease", reinforces the secretary of SESAI.
ACTIONS TAKEN BY SESAI
In October, SESAI, through a partnership with the Health Surveillance Secretariat (SVS) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), received more than 300 malaria diagnostic boards. They will benefit all the DSEI that have cases of the disease.
This material will be used by laboratory technicians working in the field to identify malaria microscopically using the Giemsa method, a differential staining technique used for the differentiation of normal and abnormal blood cells in peripheral blood and bone marrow examinations, as well as for the staining of histological sections and cytological samples. In addition, the material presents explanatory text about the four species of parasites that cause human malaria and their morphology.
According to the director of the Department of Attention to Indigenous Health (DASI), Marcelo Alves Miranda, the boards serve as a guide for health professionals. "The intention is to support training actions and strengthen the diagnosis of the disease in the areas covered by the 20 DSEI endemic to malaria," he says.
In addition, SESAI constantly carries out the following actions: mass testing for epidemiological investigation of malaria and early diagnosis, active search for positive cases, educational actions with the support of indigenous interpreters, distribution of mosquito nets impregnated with long-lasting insecticides (MILD) from the Ministry of Health, spraying in the xaponas (straw houses), fumacê with spatial nebulization in the external area of the villages, among others.
Understanding the need for approximation with the teams that carry out the actions in loco, the Malaria Technical Group of the General Coordination of Zoonosis Surveillance and Vector Transmission Diseases - CGZV/DEIDT/SVS-MS together with the Coordination of Management of Indigenous Health Care - COGASI/DASI/SESAI-MS and the Coordination of Management of Environmental Determinants of Indigenous Health - COAMB/DEAMB/SESAI-MS held nine meetings with 20 DSEI that have reported cases of malaria in recent years during the months of June and July 2021.
Representatives of the malaria control programs from the states of Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, Amapá, and Acre participated in these meetings.
Sanitation actions are measures of indisputable effectiveness and permanent results for malaria control, as well as actions in education and health. It also highlights the importance of the approach, involvement and integration of Indigenous Sanitation Agents (AISAN) in the actions to combat malaria.
More information about the epidemiological situation, the disease, and actions to prevent and control malaria can be accessed HERE.
Text: Karina Borges - Nucom/SESAI
Translation: Renata Arruda – Nucom/SESAI